The Omani judiciary is one of the three state authorities. In addition to the legislative and executive branches, whose role is to resolve disputes arising between individuals, whether between each other or between them and state institutions, It also undertakes the tasks of supervising and organizing court proceedings and the integrity of legislation; According to research
Studies and studies, the first judicial organization in the Sultanate of Oman appeared in 1920, with the formation of two courts (civil)
and commercial) whose locations are in the wilayats of Muscat and Muttrah, It is worth noting that the judiciary in Oman has witnessed a gradual development
During the Omani Renaissance procession, Perhaps the first stage of this development was with the issuance of the Basic Law of the State
Which was considered an important step towards building a state of law and institutions and activating the justice system in the country. From which the legislation regulating the work of the judiciary was launched. Most notably, the Judicial Authority Law issued by decree
Sultani No. 90/99, Then, there are legislations related to the multiplicity of entities, with clarification of their terms of reference and organization.
The judicial system in the Sultanate of Oman is known as the dual system. This is based on its reliance on two sides of the judiciary
(Ordinary judiciary and administrative judiciary), In addition to the military judiciary and some special administrative committees that
It has jurisdiction as well as exceptional courts, The most prominent feature of the judiciary is its independence, which ensures
The Omani constitution protects it in Chapter Six, when the legislator singled out this chapter specifically for the judiciary.
Through which he emphasized the importance of the honor and integrity of the judiciary and that on its basis and the foundation of the law the verdict is in
With the modernization of the system of legislation related to the judiciary, Efforts to ensure that they meet the needs of
Omani society, The judiciary flourished little by little, Taking into account, while flourishing, the basic principles on which it is based
the courts; As the principle of equality, The proximity and plurality of courts, Litigation is of two degrees and the judiciary is free and public
sessions and others; If the courts represent the material component of the judicial system, the judges are
Among the most important human elements of the judicial system who enjoy guarantees that help them perform their work to the fullest, Those who have special qualities that qualify them to perform this important job, and who continue
in their performance when their competence is appropriate, Recently, we witnessed the renewal of the Omani judiciary, with the issuance of
Royal decrees drawn by His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq – may God protect him and keep him – for what is required by the interest
the public; To continue efforts in facing the continuous challenges to be compatible with the revolution of developments taking place in our world. Hoping for payment and success to raise this important sensitive device.